Diabetic neuropathy is actually nerve damage which is caused by diabetes. In case you have had diabetes for an extended period of time, mainly if you had difficulties controlling your diabetes, you might get neuropathy symptoms such as numbness, tingling, and burning.
As a matter of fact, according to estimations, more than 70 percent of people who have diabetes will probably have this issue. Often, the diabetic nerve damage happens when the nerves are exposed to inflammation, high blood glucose and decreased supply of blood.
Diabetic neuropathy has four different types. Can you identify them? Read on, to find out more.
This is the most common type of neuropathy which affects people with diabetes. Usually, the symptoms start in the legs and feet; then they move to the arms and hands. So, the symptoms are:
This type of neuropathy is known by the name radiculoplexus neuropathy, proximal neuropathy, diabetic amyotrophy and femoral neuropathy.
As a matter of fact, this type impacts the nerves in the legs, thighs, buttocks, and hips. Usually, the symptoms are felt only on one side of the body, and they might improve with time. So, the symptoms are:
Mononeuropathy is also known by the name focal neuropathy. As a matter of fact, it actually damages only one nerve. This nerve might be found anywhere on the leg, face or torso.
It usually happens suddenly, and mostly it occurs in older adults. Although it’s painful, the good news is that the pain is temporary and it lasts a few months or weeks. Therefore, the symptoms are specific to the nerve which is affected, and they might include:
The autonomic nerves control the breathing, beating of the heart, movement of the stomach contents, bladder control, movement of the waste in the intestines. Moreover, these nerves act without the control of the conscious thought. So, the symptoms are:
Around 70 percent of people with diabetes have a certain degree of neuropathy; even in case, these people are asymptomatic.
You should know that the longer you have the diagnosis, the higher the likelihood of developing neuropathy. Moreover, other risk factors are high blood pressure, smoking, increased blood lipids and obesity.
Furthermore, people who have diabetes should check their fingers, hands, and feet on a regular basis. In fact, they should watch out for particular damage or change.
Neuropathy causes no or slow healing in these areas, which means that even a minor injury might lead to amputation in case the damage is not seen on time.