Having diabetes means persistently having high blood glucose levels. Over time these levels might damage the body and cause multiple health issues which are usually related to diabetes. You can efficiently manage your diabetes.
How? By being aware of the importance of the blood glucose readings and what too low, or too high blood glucose can do to the body.
You should know that healthy blood glucose levels are thought to be less than 100 mg or dl in case of fasting, and 2 hours after a meal they should be less than 140 mg or dl.
But, in healthy people, these levels are even lower. Yes, as a matter of fact, people who don’t have diabetes have glucose levels from 70 to 80 mg or dl before eating. Also, some people even have 60 mg or dl as normal glucose levels.
An individual has diabetes if her or his fasting blood glucose levels are higher than 126 mg or dl after fasting for 6 hours.
Moreover, in case the glucose levels are higher than 200, and an individual is having signs such as increased thirst, or weight loss, this individual is thought to have diabetes.
Prediabetes occurs when the blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but there aren’t any other criteria for diabetes. Similar to diabetes, the prediabetes might put you at risk of obtaining cardiovascular disease.
You should know that you can prevent the progression of prediabetes into diabetes with the proper exercise and diet.
High glucose levels might slowly obstruct the ability of the beta cells to produce insulin. In that case, the pancreas is actually forced to overcompensate, and the insulin levels stay high.
Over time, this can permanently damage the pancreas. The increased glucose in the blood might lead to changes which in turn might cause hardening of the blood vessels, i.e., atherosclerosis.
Damage to the blood vessels and high glucose levels might cause different complications.
You should know that there are people who have diabetes and still don’t have any particular signs unless they have too low sugar levels, i.e., hypoglycemia or too high sugar levels, i.e., hyperglycemia.
Too high sugar levels can lead to notable damage to specific organs which can cause diabetes-related complications. To avoid the complications, you need to control your blood sugar in order to minimize the risk.
A vital part of proper diabetes management is monitoring of your sugar levels on a daily basis. This is also known by the name self-testing.
This diet can help lower the average blood glucose levels and reduce the risk of the complications. There are different factors which impact the GI of a particular food.
Those factors are the kind of starch, its fiber and fat content, the type of sugar in the food and the way the specific food is prepared. You should combine the high GI foods with those of intermediate and low GI foods.
Another vital part of optimizing the sugar control is the physical activity. Physical activity can help lower the blood glucose levels, improve blood pressure, stability, cholesterol levels, muscle strength, and reduce weight.
Also, it will help your body burn excess amount of sugar and lower the insulin resistance.
Now you know how important are the blood glucose levels and that is absolutely important to control them, especially if you have diabetes. Feel free to consult your doctor and get the necessary help. And remember managing diabetes is not a science, it is an art.