Diabetes is defined as a condition which can be managed if one makes sure to balance out their insulin injections and medication with activity and food.
When such a balance is upset, two things can occur: either one’s blood glucose levels soar and hyperglycemia happens, or the opposite, hypoglycemia, where one’s blood glucose levels drop too low.
The truth of the matter is that no matter how careful one is, they are bound to experience hypers or hypos from time to time.
There are certain diabetes medications (as well as insulin) which can result in hypos.
That’s why it’s so important to check in with one’s professional healthcare team to make sure that your current treatment does not cause hypos.
That would be lower than 4 mmol/l, in which your body cannot be sufficiently supplied with the energy it needs to function properly.
But keep in mind that hypo symptoms may vary from person to person.
There is no real answer to this question, only certain speculations as to what might cause a hypo.
Some of which are missing out on meals, too much insulin, not enough carbohydrates, drinking too much alcohol (especially on an empty stomach) and spontaneous physical activity.
But at times no obvious reason can be noted.
If you are still conscious, act quickly by treating your hypo with 15-20 grams of carbohydrates. Ideal choices are:
In some cases, you might need another carb snack of 15-20 grams in order to prevent your glucose levels from plummeting again.
The ideal choices for your second snack are one piece of fruit, a sandwich, milk and biscuits, or some cereal.
It is advisable to retest your glucose levels once about 15 to 20 minutes have passed in order to make sure they are not still beneath 4 mmol/l.
On answering the question which hypo treatment would work best for you personally, that is something you must find out for yourself.
Like we said, each individual is different, but it might help to consult with your healthcare professional about what might best suit you.
Furthermore, it is always a smart idea to check the packaging’s label, since some sweets and carbs may not be efficient enough to help raise your blood glucose levels back to normal.
This means you have a severe type of hypo and in such a situation you need aid from someone in treating the hypo.
What they will need to do is:
Note: Be sure to inform your close ones that if you fall unconscious (or cannot swallow properly), you mustn’t be given anything orally.
Though this seems to be a question which is often asked, it will not help your hypo. Constantly high blood sugar is dangerous on their own as they may lead to a number of complications.
Some of which include: heart attack, kidney disease, blindness, stroke, amputations of lower limbs.
Low blood glucose may occur during the nighttime, and it can happen that some individuals with milder symptoms don’t even wake up while experiencing a hypo.
That can only spell bad news as those symptoms may eventually worsen, and a more severe case of hypo can occur.
If you didn’t wake up from the hypo, you may feel very tired the following morning. You may even have a headache, much like a hangover.
So, how to best know if one is having night-time hypos? Like we mentioned above, it’s best to do a blood test during the night.
And if it just so happens that you are experiencing nighttime hypos, than the insulin dose may need some adjusting.
Hyperglycemia is found on the opposite side of the scale. It occurs when one’s blood glucose levels are over 7mmol/l before meals and over 8.5mmol/l 2 hours following a meal.
This can occur due to several reasons:
The treatment largely depends on what caused the hyper to begin with.
If they happen on a regular basis, it is crucial that you contact your professional diabetes healthcare team.
There may need to be changes involving your lifestyle and medication. Furthermore, if your hyper lasts for a short while, no treatment will be necessary.
However, if it lasts for a longer period than this is what you need to do:
Make sure to keep a constant check on your diabetes situation and try to make the right life choices in order to avoid both any hypos or hypers.
And remember, sometimes they can occur for no explainable reason at all, which doesn’t mean you should stop taking care of your health.
The best way to do so is to keep well informed of all the newest information and medical discoveries.