It happens when the blood glucose levels are either too high or too low. The cells found in the body need sugar in order to function.
Hyperglycemia, i.e., high blood glucose might lead to lightheadedness and losing consciousness. Hypoglycemia, i.e., low blood sugar might lead to severe dehydration where the person might lose consciousness.
People might prevent hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia from progressing into a diabetic coma. In case diabetic coma happens, it’s very likely that the physician can try to balance blood sugar levels and try to restore the patient’s consciousness.
Moreover, a person can go into a diabetic coma in case they have diabetic ketoacidosis. DKA, i.e., diabetic ketoacidosis is actually a build-up of chemicals by the name ketones.
In case of hyperglycemia, one might have significantly increased thirst and more frequent urination. Furthermore, a blood test might show higher sugar levels in their bloodstream. In addition, a urine test might show that they have high sugar levels.
DKA leads to high blood sugar levels. In addition, the signs are frequent urination and increased thirst. Other symptoms are:
In case someone has these symptoms, they must call 911.
There are a few factors which might cause coma and dehydration. Those factors are:
In case the doctor sees the early symptoms, they might send the patient to the hospital or the emergency. Probably, they will get an IV in order to replace lost electrolytes and fluids like potassium.
Moreover, they might get insulin or other drugs in order to control their blood glucose. The coma might cause death, in case a person leaves their diabetes untreated.
These following recommendations might help prevent the occurring of diabetic coma:
Diabetic coma is a medical emergency and should be taken as such. A diabetic coma might cause death or brain damage in case people don’t get the proper treatment.
Bear in mind that a diabetic coma is a common event, but the risk exists. People need to take proper steps in order to manage their diabetes, consult their doctor and ask questions on how to prevent diabetic coma.