The most common kind of bone disorder which affects around 10 million Americans is osteoporosis.
This is a chronic condition and its characteristics are low bone mass, reduced bone strength and increased risk of bone fracture. This is particularly at the wrist, spine, and hip. Although fragile bones are not seen as a diabetes complication, there is a possibility for that to change.
According to data individuals with type 2 diabetes have a notably bigger incidence of bone fracture. For example, individuals with type 2 diabetes have from 30 to 40 % higher risk for hip fracture.
This is in comparison to individuals without diabetes. Therefore, it’s especially crucial for individuals with diabetes to consult their doctor. In that way individuals with diabetes will find out how to make their bones healthy and strong.
Read on, to find out more about the link between diabetes and poor bone health.
There are many explanations for the effect of diabetes on the risk of fracture and the bone mineral density. However, there aren’t any studies to back up these explanations.
The explanations include increased rate of falls, diabetic complications, and higher insulin levels. In most studies of type 2 and also type 1 diabetes, the level of blood sugar control doesn’t link with risk of fracture or body mineral density.
However, there is a need for more research in order to confirm this finding. One possibility which is currently under investigation is whether AGEs, i.e., advanced glycation end-products accumulate in the tissue of the bones and weaken it.
AGEs are substances which form when the sugar reacts with the proteins inside a cell.
Recent studies note that reductions in cardiovascular, kidney and nerve function link to lower fracture, bone mineral density and bone loss among older adults, with or without diabetes.
Moreover, researchers note that the increased incidence of fractures might be partly owed to the changes related to diabetes in bone quality.
Such changes are low blood glucose which might inhibit the rebuilding process of the bones. According to research the poor glycemic control and high sugar levels are related to weaker bones.
Individuals with diabetes might have cellular problems which impact bone remodeling, but there is a need for more research on this.
Damage to the small blood vessels from high blood glucose might limit the nutrients which are necessary to our bones when it comes to rebuilding.
Proper sugar management is the crucial way to prevent the process of diabetes-related complications, and this includes bone fragility.
There are few risk factors which can lead to osteoporosis. Those risk factors are a sedentary lifestyle, family history of osteoporosis, excessive alcohol, being thin, smoking, and poor diet. You need to be aware of these risk factors.
Great way to strengthen your bones is by engaging in different weight-bearing activities. You can walk for 30 to 40 minutes or make sure to stand-up every 30 minutes in case you have a sedentary job.
Remember that even small changes can have enormous benefits for your bones.