February 2


A Guide to Healthy Low-Carb Eating for Those with High Blood Sugar

By Gabriela

February 2, 2022

Constant high blood sugar levels lead to diabetes – a lifelong disease that can cause many health complications. However, we can keep it under control by following a certain diet and lifestyle habits.

At first, it might look complicated and hard, but once you learn all the things and foods that affect our blood glucose, you’ll know how to manage your condition while leading a normal life.

Diet plays a huge role in diabetes management. We have to pay attention to what we eat and drink, as well as when and how much to keep our blood sugar levels within the normal range.

A low-carb diet is one of the best diets for people with high blood glucose and those who are trying to lose some weight. It is flexible and can be followed by people with all types of diabetes.

A lot of people with type 2 diabetes managed to improve their blood sugar control and reduce their need for medication by following a low-carb diet.

Why Follow a Low-Carb Diet?

Some foods are loaded with carbohydrates – the nutrient which has the most significant impact on blood glucose levels. What’s more, it requires the most insulin, and more insulin production increases insulin resistance.

This, in turn, raises the blood sugar levels in the body, thus the risk of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes.

While you can’t completely cut out carbs from your diet, as it is one of the essential nutrients for your body, you can choose foods that contain little or no carbs.

Eating these foods will help reduce insulin resistance and blood glucose levels, as well as aid in losing weight.

What Are the Benefits of Low-Carb Diets?

Following a low-carb diet will bring you the following benefits:

  • Lower blood sugar levels
  • Lower risk of blood sugar spikes
  • Improved weight loss
  • Higher energy levels throughout the entire day
  • Lower risk of severe hypoglycemia
  • Clearer thinking
  • Fewer cravings for a snack and sugary foods
  • Fewer chances of developing long-term health complications

The Optimal Carb Intake for People with Diabetes

The optimal carbohydrate intake for people with diabetes is still not entirely clear. Some studies show 20 grams of carbs a day can help improve weight, blood glucose levels, and other markers.

Dr. Bernstein gave 30 gr of carbohydrates per day to his diabetes patients and marked excellent blood sugar control in their bodies. So, the ideal amount of carbohydrates varies by individual.

To calculate your optimal amount, measure your blood sugar levels before a meal and once again one to two hours after your meal.

If your blood glucose stays below 8 mmol/L (140 mg/dL), the levels at which nerve damage occurs, your carb intake per meal should be 6 gr, 10 gr, or 25 gr, provided that you follow a low-carb diet.

Foods to Eat

Feel free to consume these low-carb foods until you are full. Also, don’t forget to include enough protein in each meal.

  • Cheese
  • Meat, seafood, and poultry
  • Eggs
  • Avocados
  • Olives
  • Coconut oil, olive oil, cream, butter, cream cheese, and sour cream
  • Non-starchy veggies (almost all vegetables except for the ones listed below)

Food to Eat in Moderation

Consume these foods in smaller quantities, depending on your carb tolerance.

  • Plain, Greek yogurt – up to 1 cup
  • Berries – up to one cup
  • Peanuts and nuts – 30-60 gr, or 1-2 oz
  • Cottage Cheese – up to ½ cup
  • 85% cocoa-dark chocolate – up to 30gr
  • Chia seeds or flaxseeds – 2 tablespoons
  • Liquor – 50 gr or 1.5 oz
  • Winter squash (acorn, butternut, pumpkin) – up to 1 cup
  • Dry red or white wine – 120 gr or 4 oz – can be bought on sites like https://qkawine.com/

Foods to Avoid

Here are the foods highest in carbs which can spike your blood sugar levels.

  • Starchy veggies such as potatoes, taro, and yams
  • Bread, cereal, pasta, corn, and other grains
  • Legumes, like lentils, peas, and beans (except snow peas and green beans)
  • Fruit, except for berries
  • Milk
  • Beer
  • Soda, juice, sweetened tea, punch, etc.
  • Baked goods, desserts, ice cream, candy, etc.

A Sample Day of Low-Carb Meals for People with Diabetes

Each meal contains up to 15 gr of digestible carbs, but you can adjust the serving sizes if you have higher or lower carb tolerance. The total digestible carb intake is 37 grams.

Eggs & Spinach for Breakfast

Total digestible carbs – 10.5 gr

  • A cup of sautéed spinach
  • Three eggs cooked in butter
  • A cup of coffee with cream and any sugar-free sweetener
  • 1 cup of blackberries

Cobb Salad for Lunch

Total digestible carbs – 12.5 gr

  • 30 g (1 oz) Roquefort cheese
  • 90 g (3 oz) cooked chicken
  • Half an avocado – medium size
  • A slice of bacon
  • Vinegar and olive oil
  • 1 cup lettuce, shredded
  • 1 cup of tomatoes, chopped
  • A glass of iced tea and any sweetener-free from sugar
  • 20 gr of dark chocolate (85% cocoa)

Salmon with Veggies for Dinner

Total digestible carbs – 14 gr

  • Half a cup sautéed zucchini
  • 4 oz salmon, grilled
  • 1 cup mushrooms, sautéed
  • 1 oz chopped walnuts
  • Half a cup of strawberry slices with whipped cream
  • 120 g (4 oz) red wine


  • Gabriela

    Co-Founder & Editor-in-Chief of Diabetes Health Page, Fitness trainer and instructor has dedicated her career to educating and informing people for over 10 years. As one of the most passionate diabetes advocates, Gabi has worked tirelessly to ensure that those people receive the education and support they need to properly manage their diabetes and achieve their health, fitness and weight loss goals.

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