December 13


What to Eat and What to Avoid for Stable Glucose Levels

By Gabriela

December 13, 2021

If someone has diabetes, she/he knows how important our food choices are. Even though there’s no food we should stop using it completely, there are some things we should avoid more than others.

Also, we may think we mustn’t eat something when in reality it’s ok to have it occasionally and in tiny amounts.

Nevertheless, it’d be more helpful to manage diabetes if we stick to the healthiest options. For that purpose, we give you the best and worst choices from several major food groups to use as a guide.


The human body needs carbohydrates to function properly. But, we should know the right sources for diabetes to prevent our blood sugar levels from spiking.

Best Choices
  • Baked sweet potato
  • Whole grains, like oatmeal, brown rice, quinoa, amaranth, millet
  • Things produced from whole grains and no (or tiny amounts) added sugar
Worst Choices
  • Cereals with tiny amounts of whole grains and plenty of sugar
  • Processed grains like white flour or white rice
  • French fries
  • White bread
  • Fried white-flour tortillas


Feel free to include plenty of vegetables in our regular diet. They are high in fiber but low in salt or fat. Don’t forget that corn and potatoes are considered carbs.

Best Choices
  • Plain frozen veggies, lightly steamed
  • Raw or lightly steamed, grilled, or roasted vegetables
  • Unsalted or low sodium canned veggies
  • Green vegetables like spinach, kale, and arugula. Have in mind that Iceberg lettuce is low in nutrients so maybe it shouldn’t be our first choice.

Eat vegetables from all colors: red or orange (like red peppers or carrots), dark greens, purple ones (eggplants), or even white (like onions.) According to the 2015 U.S. guidelines, we should eat 2.5 cups of vegetables daily.

Worst Choices
  • Vegetables cooked with plenty of added sauce, butter, or cheese
  • Canned vegetables high in sodium
  • For those who need to limit sodium, pickles are a bad option
  • Diabetics with high blood pressure should avoid sauerkraut


We get vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, and fiber from fruits. Even though most of them are naturally low in sodium and fat, they usually contain more carbohydrates than vegetables.

Best Choices
  • Fresh organic fruit
  • Low-sugar or sugar-free jam or preserves
  • Plain frozen fruit or canned fruit with no-sugar-added
  • Applesauce without added sugar
Worst Choices
  • Chewy fruit rolls
  • Canned fruit which includes heavy sugar syrup
  • Ordinary jam, preserves, and jelly (unless it’s a tiny portion)
  • Fruit punch, fruit juice drinks
  • Applesauce with added sugar


There are many choices of protein out there: chicken, beef, fish, turkey, pork, beans, seafood, eggs, cheese, tofu, nuts, etc.

Best Choices

Here are the best options for proteins according to the American Diabetes Association:

  • Seafood or fish
  • Plant-based proteins like seeds, nuts, beans, or tofu
  • Low-fat dairy and eggs
  • Chicken and other poultry (preferably breast meat)

If we choose meat, make sure it’s low in fat. Also, don’t forget to remove the poultry skin.

Even if we’re not a fan of vegetables, try to include some of these plant sources of protein as they contain fiber and nutrients that are not part of animal products.

Worst Choices
  • Ribs and other high-fat cuts of meat
  • Fried meats
  • Regular cheeses
  • Pork bacon
  • Deep-fried fish
  • Poultry with skin
  • Beans prepared with lard
  • Deep-fried tofu


When it comes to the diary, make sure it’s low in fat and in small portions.

Best Choices
  • Low-fat yogurt
  • Skim or 1% milk
  • Nonfat or low-fat sour cream
  • Low-fat cottage cheese
Worst Choices
  • Regular yogurt
  • Whole milk
  • Regular sour cream
  • Regular cottage cheese
  • Regular half-and-half
  • Regular ice cream

Oils, Fats, and Sweets

We know it’s hard to resist, but try to limit them to prevent gaining more weight or becoming obese. Excess weight or obesity impedes diabetes management.

Best Choices
  • Omega-3 fatty acid-high foods like tuna, salmon, or mackerel
  • Small portions of natural sources of vegetable fats, like seeds, nuts, or avocados
  • Plant-based oils like grapeseed, canola, or olive oil
Worst Choices

Products with labels that say “partially hydrogenated” as they contain artificial trans-fat which is bad for the heart. We should stay away from any products with artificial trans fat in their content.

Large portions of saturated fats, especially from animal products or even palm and coconut oil. In case of diabetes and/or heart disease, consult your doctor to determine the limit of these products.


It’s important to read the labels before buying any beverage. Most drinks on the market are packed with sugar, calories, salt, or fat, and we surely don’t want all that in our system.

Best Choices
  • Regular water, and unflavored or flavored sparkling water
  • Small amounts of wine, light beer, or non-fruity mixed beverages
  • Unsweetened tea (with some lemon to taste)
  • Black coffee, or with added sugar substitute and low-fat milk
Worst Choices
  • Dessert wines, fruity mixed drinks, regular beer
  • Regular sodas
  • Sweetened tea
  • Chocolate drinks and flavored coffees
  • Coffee with cream and sugar
  • Energy drinks

We hope you will use this list as a guide!

Source: WebMD | Music Source: Healthline


  • Gabriela

    Co-Founder & Editor-in-Chief of Diabetes Health Page, Fitness trainer and instructor has dedicated her career to educating and informing people for over 10 years. As one of the most passionate diabetes advocates, Gabi has worked tirelessly to ensure that those people receive the education and support they need to properly manage their diabetes and achieve their health, fitness and weight loss goals.

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