Diet plays an important role in the treatment of diabetes, as well as in the prevention of prediabetes progressing into type 2 diabetes. But, not many people know what is right and what is wrong when it comes to food and diabetes.
That’s why the American Dietetic Association and the American Diabetes Association have created the Diabetes Food Pyramid.
The pyramid shows the foods and the amount you should eat daily. It has six food groups and the wider the section, the larger portion should be consumed from that particular food group.
On the opposite, foods at the top, which is a narrower section, should be eaten in smaller amounts.
This is the traditional food pyramid for diabetes, starting from the bottom.
Once you see it, you’ll realize there’s something wrong with the foods and their position in the pyramid.
As we can see, the bottom includes a lot of carbohydrates, and a person with diabetes shouldn’t eat that many carbs every day. So, there’s the main problem with the traditional diabetes food pyramid.
A lot of doctors, including Dr. Fung, are recommending the LCHF diet (low-carbohydrate high-fat diet) for weight loss and diabetes management.
Many studies, including Forbes, show that combining good fats with low carbs can improve insulin resistance, cholesterol numbers, and weight loss in obese people with type 2 diabetes.
Another study supports the consumption of nuts, vegetables, a Mediterranean diet for the prevention of Coronary Heart Disease.
What’s more, it discovered that consuming foods with a high GI or glycemic load, as well as trans fats, raises the risk of heart disease.
The reason why we mention this research is that the traditional food pyramid for diabetes puts fats at the top of the food pyramid, thus restricting them.
However, the U.S. government removed cholesterol and good fats from the ‘villain’ list in 2016. High-quality fats are good for heart health so they must be part of the diabetes diet in larger amounts.
The limited portions of cheese, eggs, red meat, and no added sugars in the low-carbohydrate high-fat diet resemble the Mediterranean diet.
A few studies have shown that the Mediterranean diet is excellent for diabetes as much as it is for weight loss.
When you think about it, it’s pretty obvious why low-carbohydrate diets help manage type 2 diabetes. They break down into sugars that go into the blood, causing blood sugar spikes.
Therefore, a reduction in carbohydrates can help stabilize blood glucose levels. That’s why many doctors like the Pegan Food Pyramid designed by Dr. Mark Hyman.
Here’s how the LCHF food pyramid for diabetes looks like, from bottom to top:
Many people with type 2 diabetes have followed this diet along with intermittent fasting to improve their blood glucose control.
Combining this diabetes food pyramid with regular exercise/physical activity, and stress management techniques are the winning combination for every person with type 2 diabetes.
We hope these tips will help you adjust your diet in a way that will help you prevent and treat type 2 diabetes.