According to the health watchdog, individuals over 40 should do a diabetes check. In addition, around 2 million will be offered a spot on the exercise and diet program.
New recommendations from Nice, i.e., National Institute for Health and Care Excellence report that risk assessments regarding the disease need to be done in pharmacies and surgeries.
Also, people should do the tests themselves, in the workplace, and in community venues. Nice said that anyone at the free NHS Health Check with GP should do some screening for this chronic condition once they turn 40.
Meanwhile, pharmacists might screen for this condition. Also, it is advisable for people to make a self-assessment test. Test like the one on the Diabetes UK website known as the quiz Knows Your Risk.
According to Nice, around 1.7 people that have the biggest risk of obtaining type 2 diabetes should be offered a spot on an intensive program of lifestyle change.
These plans like the NHS Diabetes Prevention Programme by the name Healthier You offer individuals a personalized scheme to lower their risk of this disease. This includes bespoke exercise lessons, education on healthy lifestyle and eating, and help for weight loss.
Nice said that it is cost-effective to offer this help to individuals that have fasting sugar readings between 5.5. to 6.9 mmol/l. However, people that have a higher reading between 6.5 to 6.9 mmol/l should come with priority.
They need priority because of the increased risk for these individuals to develop type 2 diabetes. According to officials, for NHS it would be cost-effective to find spots for around 5 million patients.
Coaching will involve around 8 sessions, with group sessions and 1 to 1 coaching, focusing on nutrition, weight loss, and fitness.
According to NHS recommendations, GPs need to advise patients that have problems with their weight to make certain diet changes. Diet changes like replacing crisps and Bombay mix with healthier snacks like low-fat yogurt and nuts.
People need to consume more wholegrain cereals and bread, fruits and vegetables, lentils and beans. And substitute burgers and sausages for fish and lean meat.
In England, around 4 million adults have this chronic illness, of whom around 1 million are actually undiagnosed. The majority of the cases are type 2.
This type of diabetes is fueled by unhealthy lifestyles, which leads to the statistics that 2 in 3 adults are either obese or overweight.
The director of the Center for guidelines at Nice, Mark Baker said that they are aware that helping people to make small changes to their levels of exercise and diet might actually notably lower their risk of obtaining the condition.
Assessments need to be part of the free NHS Health Check offered every 5 years to people from 40 to 74, and also to older patients and to other settings.
The NHS recommendation says that those that have African-Caribbean, Chinese, and South Asian descent should do checks starting from the age of 25 since they have a higher risk.
According to Tam Fry, from National Obesity Forum this disease is a threat. A threat that can lead to bankruptcy in the NHS so there is a need for urgent action. It is crucial to get high-risk patients to improve their diet and start being more active.
Now, this will cost. However, one should see it as an investment in the future. The benefits are worthwhile from a financial and health perspective.
Baker notes that this approach is in fact cost-effective way when it comes to controlling a condition which at the moment costs the NHS £8.8 billion per year. They want to make sure that people with the highest risk have access to the necessary care.
Experts warn that this chronic disease could bankrupt NHS. This is because the amount of money spent on it in one decade is higher by around two-thirds.
In the UK, by the year 2035, 1 in 10 adults is expected to have diabetes. This condition might cause severe complications such as heart attacks, limb amputation, stroke, and kidney disease.
From Diabetes UK, Dan Howarth says that it is important to prevent it from developing in individuals with higher risk.
They welcome the recent recommendations from Nice because Nice recognizes the importance of preventing the disease and the severe harm it causes to people that live with it.